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Activity Report of the IUVSTA Nanometer Structure Division (NSD) for ECM 126

This written report has been prepared by the division officers for the ECM 126, to be held between 29th and 1st October 2017 in Sofia, Bulgaria, and covers the period between ECM 125 and ECM 126.

The OFFICERS of the Nanometer Structures division NSD:

Chair: Ana Cristina G. Silva, Portugal
Vice-chair: Christian Teichert, Austria
Secretary Sidney R. Cohen, Israel

NSD Activities
IUVSTA Workshops and Schools


Ana G. Silva, Chair of NDS division, will propose an IUVSTA International School on “Nano-Optics” to be held in February 18-22, 2019, in International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Braga, Portugal, http://inl.int/. The school will be presented in ECM 126, in Sofia, by Ana G Silva, chair of NSD division. The Organizing Committee will be Christian Teichert (vice-chair of NSD division), Jana B Nieder (INL, local organizer) and José Ferreira (SOPORVAC). The scientific committee will be Lars Montelius (General Director of INL) and Sidney Cohen (Secretary of NSD division). National representative members of NSD division will be invited to the Scientific Committee. The School is sponsored by the IUVSTA Surface Science division (SSD) and Bio-Interfaces division (BID).

The Israel Vacuum Society holds the IVS 35th Annual Conference & Workshop this year on Sep. 10 and workshop on Sep 11 with session devoted to Nano
http://www.ivs.org.il/Meetings-and-workshops-35th Nanomaterials: Advanced Fabrication and Characterization. Nanoelectronics and Spintronics. In addition, several sessions have a strong
nano-component to them, including: energy and sustainability, photonics and plasmonic, ALD and ALE, surface doping, surface characterization tools and organic monolayers.

Regarding the workshop on “Surface Micro-Spectroscopy and Spectro-Microscopy: Nano-Characterization of Electronic Interfaces and Related Transport Phenomena”, to be held 2nd - 5th September 2018 and followed by a one-day general symposium of the Israel Vacuum Society, on Thursday, organized by Sidney Cohen from Weizmann Institute, Israel, the initial invited speakers have NSD Activity report to ECM 126 - 29th September 2017 been secured for the workshop. Together with the conference unit at the Weizmann Institute, the local arrangements have been made, and the official website will open in early fall.

16th IUVSTA Summer School on Physics at Nanoscale, 12-17 June 2017. Attached the report of the chairs/Co-chairs, members of the NSD division; Tomas Sikola and Antonin Feijar.

Maja Buljan, member of NSD division, report that 40 participants attended the 24th International Scientific Meeting on Vacuum Science and Technique, held in Zadar, between 18-19 May 2017.

Ryszard Czajka member of NSD division and President elec. of Polish Vacuum Society, is organizing the IWAN 13th (Interregional Workshop on Advanced Nanomaterials) http://iwan13.put.poznan.pl/ to be held on 15-16 November 2017 in Poznan, Poland, under auspices of Polish Vacuum Society and IUVSTA.

SCIENTIFIC SPONSORING
1) The NSD division sponsors the Workshop on “Nanoscale Oxides systems in Physics and Chemistry” proposed by the Spanish Vacuum Society (ASEVA), to be held in July 1-5, 2018 in Ávila, Spain the chair of the proposed workshop is Geoff Thornton of University College of London (UCL).

2) The NSD division sponsors the Short Course on “Nano-Bioengineering for Medicine” proposed by Bruno Silva from International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL) http://inl.int/ to be held in May 7-18, 2018 in Braga, Portugal. The course will be presented in ECM 126, in Sofia, by Ana G Silva, chair of NSD division.

CONFERENCE/WORKSHOP ENDORSEMENTS
- 10th Symposium on Vacuum based Science and Technology, Kolobrzeg, PL, November 28-30, 2017.
- 13th Interregional Workshop on Advanced Nanomaterials (IWAN13), November 15th-16th 2017, Poznan, Poland.

Conferences
ICN+T 2018

NSD is very active in the preparation of the program of ICN+T 2018. ICNT 2018 will be held in Brno, Czech Republic. The main organizers are Tomáš Šikola, University of Technology Brno and CEITEC, and Antonín Fejfar, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, date of the conference will be July 22 - 27 2018. Regarding ICNT + 2018 organization, Tomas Sikola reports that the company selected for the congress management, C-IN (www.c-in.eu), has already prepared the web pages of the conference with their assistance. At the same time the work on defining the program committee will start. It is planned to select the plenary/key lecturers by September, most of invited speakers by November.

IVC-21
NSD is very active in the preparation of the program of ICN+T 2018. NSD division circulated within the NSD member societies asking for suggestions regarding invited and plenary speakers to be suggest to organizers of IVC-21.

Education
NSD division supports and announced, through different research institutions, Universities and within IUVSTA, the IUVSTA webinar, promoted by Anouk Galtayries, on “Chemical and nanostructural aspects of the characterization of ceria-based mixed oxides and supported metal catalysts” presented by Ginesa Blanco, Spain.

Other Activities
Yves Huttel, member of NSD division, national representative of Spain, Institute de Ciencia de Materials de Madrid, has been elaborating a national list of groups in Nanometer Structures in Spain. The list is already significantly long and can be made public upon request.

Ana G Silva, chair of NSD division, was visiting Faculty of Technical Physics from Poznan University of Technology, in May this year, by invitation of Ryszard Czajka member of NSD division, President elec. of Polish Vacuum Society.

Ana G Silva, Christian Teichert and Sidney Cohen,
Officers of NSD for the triennium 2016-2019
29 September 2017


Appendix
Report written ands sent by the Chair and Co-Chair of 16th IUVSTA Summer School on Physics at Nanoscale, 12-17 June 2017

Summary of the 16th IUVSTA summer school on Physics at Nanoscale, 12th to 17th June 2017, Devet Skal, Czech Republic


The school continued the tradition of the summer schools on physics of nanostructures, surfaces and thin films held every three years in the Czech Republic. The programme of the schools aims at presenting current trends of research at both tutorial as well as state-of-the-art level. The school also connects the areas of fundamental research to the vital areas of technology: nano-electronics, renewable energy and life science applications.

School overview
The school was organized as 16th IUVSTA summer school. The school organization relied on the Czech Physical Society, the Czech Vacuum Society and last, but not least, a group of the academic research institutes and universities listed at the school web page (iss.fzu.cz).

The school brought together 150 people (14 speakers, 112 participants and 24 company representatives and). The school attendees came from 18 countries (Austria, Belgium, China, Czech
Republic, France, Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, the Netherlands and U.S.A.).

The school is traditionally designed in such a way that the lectures at the school are given only by invited speakers, eminent scientists in their fields. Each speaker gave two lectures of 50 minutes each, with the first introductory part followed by more advanced topics scheduled usually half a day or a day later to provide time for the speaker - audience discussion.

On Tuesday June 13th the participants presented their research during the poster session with over 60 posters, which were judged by an international committee composed of the invited lecturers and a student, none of them connected to the organizers. Three posters presented by Ph.D. students were awarded:

1. S. Lancaster et al: Boron incorporation in GaAs nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy
2. J. Rozbořil et al. Magneto-optical properties of single molecular magnet thin films)
3. R. Horký et al: Magnetic phase transition asymetry dependent on the spatial confinement of FeRh patterns.

School excursion took place during the free afternoon on Wednesday June 14th to Ždírec nad Sázavou, where the participants have seen that high tech production may be represented even by the
wood-processing industry.

The company evening took place on Wednesday June 14th as a small exhibition where 27 companies presented their products or profiles. In addition, three companies brought their microscopes for demonstrations in the course of the school, allowing the participants to get hands-on experience (MTM with Bruker AFM microscopes, RMI with NT-MDT AFM and WITec with an AFM/Raman setup for microspectroscopy).

The panel discussion took place on the evening of Thursday June 15th, moderated by Pavel Krečmer (CEITEC) with participation of Prof. Paul Weiss (UCLA), Roland Wiesendanger (Hamburg
University) and Andrei Kirilyuk (Radboud University, NL). Another panelist was prof. Christian Teichert (Montan University, Leoben) who took part on behalf of IUVSTA. The discussion was
attended by majority of the students who discussed whether academic or industrial career would be attractive and valuable.

Following the past experience, we do not prepare proceedings of the school. Instead, the participants can download the lectures of the speakers from the cloud.

Role of the summer school in the research environment

Two Czech research infrastructures were involved in the school organization: Central European Institute of Technology - Brno University of Technology (www.ceitec.eu) and Laboratory of Nanostructures and Nanomaterials (lnsm.fzu.cz) of the Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences.

Part of the school programme was dedicated to the role of nanostructures in photovoltaic energy conversion and accumulation. The school was thus also a part of outreach activities of H2020 project NextBase (http://nextbase-project.eu/). The school was twinned with the Photovoltaic Systems Summer School 2017 organized by TU Delft, which offered a direct hands-on experience with current photovoltaics.

The interest in energy conversions made the school part of the activities of the research framework of the Czech Academy of Sciences called Strategy AV 21, namely its research programme Effective energy conversion and accumulation.

School topics
The school was kicked off by a lecture by Paul Weiss (UCLA, U.S.A.) who presented a tutorial on patterning across scales and on atomically precise nanoscale assemblies in which cooperative
functions may became basis for the future nanoelectronic devices.

The role of nanostructures in energy conversion was introduced by Dave Cahen (Weizmann Institute, Israel), who reviewed the amazing developments in solar cells during the last decade. In his following talks he focused on the halide perovskites, a new comer to the photovoltaic race with potential to revolutionize the field, and on electronic processes in nanostructures, in particular in electron transport across proteins.

Pere Roca i Cabarrocas (CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau) brought the attention to silicon, the mainstay of the modern electronics, and presented plasma processes used at silicon thin film depositions and nanostructuring.

Gareth Parkinson (TU Vienna) has proceeded to metal oxides and their surfaces, in particular magnetite, with a fascinating perspectives to single-atom catalysis of carbon monoxide.
Fabian Menges (IBM Zurich) brought up the topics in physics of thermal transport and its role in nanotechnology.

Erik Reimhult (BOHU Viennna) bridged the gap between materials science and biotechnology during his lectures on Colloids and nanoscale interactions in biological systems, where interesting analogies could be seen with the silicon nanostructures presented by Pere Roca. The talks reached multifunctional use of magnetic nanoparticles and even to the topics of nanocolloids for health (and hazard).

The school programme could not miss optical phenomena at nanostructures, starting with the presentation of Olivier Martin (EPFL, Lausanne) on non-linear plasmonics, which ranged over second
harmonic generation in multi resonant structures, including cooking recipes for their preparation (and possible pitfalls or recipe disasters).

The topic of magnetism came back with Andrei Kirilyuk (Radboud University) who lectures on Structure and magnetism of atomic clusters, including ultrafast processes at Laser induced
magnetization dynamics and switching.

Most of the topics above came to a synthesis in the lectures of Roland Wiesendanger (Hamburg University) on an microscopic investigations of antiferromagnetic nanostructures, ranging From the
Smallest Building Units to Model-Type Atomic-Scale Spintronic Devices, including spin chains.

The photovoltaic energy conversion came back in the talks of Lars Korte (Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin), who illustrated the record efficiencies reached by the current silicon heterojunction based photovoltaics, which is reaching close to the physical limits.

The optics of the solar nanostructures and in particular the classical 4n2 absorption limit were explained and demonstrated by Olindo Isabella (Technical University Delft).

Nanostructures based on materials with reduced dimensionality were subject of Thomas Michely (Cologne University), which ranged from 2D layers to 1D wires and 0D clusters.

Excursion away from elemental semiconductors was guided by Ferdinand Scholz (Ulm University), who told the story of GaN, showing that it is presently the most important semiconductor
after silicon. The related heterostructures may enable breach of the boundaries of even GaN technology, namely the UV light sources.

Finally, Uriel Levy (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), took the audience back to silicon, but silicon in perspective of upcoming photonic and plasmonic applications.

Presence of industry at the school
The school relied also on support of the companies without whom we would not be able to keep a very low school registration fee (~320 Euro), which is necessary to make the school affordable to students. Bringing the students together with the company representatives serves one more important purpose of establishing future contacts or perhaps careers. The traditional industry evening took part on Wednesday with participation of the following companies:

ActivAir https://www.activair.cz/

Crytur https://www.crytur.cz/

Devmatech https://devmatech.pl/

HVM Plasma http://www.hvm.cz/

IONTOF https://www.iontof.com/

Measurement Technic Moravia http://www.mt-m.eu/

Meopta http://www.meopta.com/

Nenovision http://www.nenovision.com/

ON Semiconductor http://www.onsemi.com/

Optik Instruments http://www.brukeroptics.cz/

Pfeiffer Vacuum Austria http://www.pfeiffer-vacuum.com/

RMI http://www.rmi.cz

TESCAN http://www.tescan.com/

Thermo Fischer Scientific (FEI Czech Republic) http://www.fei.com/

Uni-Export Instruments http://www.uniexport.co.cz/

SVCS Process Innovation http://www.svcs.cz/

Specion http://www.specion.biz/

TESTE http://www.teste.cz/

Vakuum Praha http://www.vakuum.cz/

Vakuum Servis http://www.vakuum-servis.cz/

In Prague on 17th September 2017

Antonín Fejfar (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague)
and
Tomáš Šikola (Institute of Physical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Brno)

On behalf of the school organizers:
Local organizing committee:
in Brno: T. Šikola, L. Dittrichová, J. Humlíček, J. Spousta
in Prague: A. Fejfar, A. Vetuška, K. Mašek, P. Hedbávný

International program Committee:
J. Aizpurua, Center for Material Physics (CSIC - UPV/EHU and DIPC), Donostia, Spain

H. H. Brongersma, Calipso, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

I. Gordon, IMEC, Leuven, Belgium

I. Kamiya, Toyota Technological Institute, Nagoya, Japan

S. Maier, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

L. Ranno, Institut Néel, Grenoble, France

C. Teichert, University Leoben, Austria

P. Varga, Technical University Wien, Austria

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